A hairless dog, with soft skin, the (Xolo dog) is slightly longer than he is tall. The skin can be pigmented black, grey, red, liver, bronze and blonde. There are three sizes. Fully grown Miniature Mexican Hairless are 25-35cm in height, Intermediate 36-45cm, and Standard 46-60cm.
An ancient breed, the Mexican Hairless dog (or 'Xolo') has been the hunting companion of people in Central and South America for around 3,000 years. Revered by the Aztecs, he is also known as Xoloitzcuintle, meaning Dog God, he was thought to have special powers of healing, transmitted through him from the gods. He was also used as a gift to the gods and was sacrificed and eaten. He comes in three sizes – Miniature, Intermediate and Standard.
A peaceful, contented dog, the Mexican Hairless dog is alert to his environment. Rather reserved with strangers, he is loving and companionable with his family.
The main health problems encountered in the Mexican Hairless dog are related to their skin, being particularly predisposed to sunburn given the lack of protection from fur. Teeth problems also occur quite frequently.
Miniature Mexican Hairless dogs need about half an hour's daily exercise and the Intermediate and Standard need about an hour. Do ensure he is protected from the elements (both the warm and cold) before taking him outside.
The Miniature Mexican Hairless dog is a small dog that has a fast metabolism, meaning they burn energy at a high rate, although their small stomachs mean that they must eat little and often. Small-breed foods are specifically designed with appropriate levels of key nutrients and smaller kibble sizes to suit smaller mouths. This also encourages chewing and improves digestion. The Intermediate and Standard diets need to have the right balance of all the main nutrient groups including a constant supply of fresh water. It's also important to conduct regular body condition scores to ensure you keep your dog in ideal shape and remember to feed him at least twice daily and in accordance with the feeding guidelines of his particular food.
Small tufts of hair can appear on the Mexican Hairless dog, but he is generally hairless and no hair-care is therefore required. However, the skin can become dry, as it is not protected with a coat. Smoothing some baby oil on will help hydrate the skin. A suitable sun cream can be used to prevent the skin from burning, and the dogs should be kept out of direct sunlight in warm weather. The dogs also need protection against the cold and should wear a coat when walked in the winter months.