A small dog with a short, square muzzle and erect ears, the Boston dog breed is strong and well muscled. The eyes are fairly large, round and wide apart. Short-coated, the Boston Terrier comes in various colours, including brindle and white, and black with white markings. See the breed standard for full details. The adult Boston Terrier measures 38-43cm. The weight should never be more than 11.5kg. They are divided into three classes according to their weight. Lightweight is under 6.8kg, Middleweight is over 6.8kg and under 9.1kg, and Heavyweight is between 9.1-11.5kg.
The Boston Terrier dog breed was, in the 1800s, originally a cross between an English Bulldog and an English White Terrier. More crossbreedings were carried out and the Boston Terrier was further developed. This occurred around 1893. The breeds used for this further crossing were the English Bull Terrier, Boxer and the Pit Bull Terrier, along with other terriers. Originally the Boston Terrier weighed over 20kg, but was bred smaller and smaller until they became the size we know them as today.
The Boston Terrier is a lively, happy dog that can be quite determined and strong willed. They are usually good with children and love to play, but they can be boisterous and care must be taken that games are not too rough, as they can be prone to injury, especially their eyes. They love human company and make affectionate pets. They also make excellent watch dogs, and are not 'yappy'.
The flat face of the Boston Terrier, if extreme, can result in obstruction of their airways and a difficulty in breathing. Like many other breeds, there are a variety of hereditary eye problems that can occur and they can suffer from kneecaps that may temporarily slip out of place (luxating patellas).
The exercise requirements of this dog are quite undemanding; about an hour's daily exercise will be needed. They do not yearn for long walks, but they do like to go everywhere with their owners.
Small dogs have a fast metabolism, meaning they burn energy at a high rate, although their small stomachs mean that they must eat little and often. Small-breed foods are specifically designed with appropriate levels of key nutrients and smaller kibble sizes to suit smaller mouths. This also encourages chewing and improves digestion.
The Boston Terrier breed is easily groomed. A grooming mitt used on the coat once a week should be adequate enough to remove any dead hairs from the coat. This is a clean breed with no doggie odours.