These medium-sized, short-coated dogs with erect ears are very graceful and athletic in appearance. Pharaoh Hounds come in a tan or rich tan colour, sometimes with white markings. Adult males are 56-63cm in height and about 23-25kg in weight. Adult females are 53-61cm and 20-23kg.
Remnants of dogs similar in appearance to the Pharaoh Hound dog breed have been found in the Nile Valley and date back to 4000BC. It is thought that before Egyptian times sighthounds were traded by the Phoenicians and they left them on isolated islands where they bred amongst themselves for hundreds of years. Around 1000BC the island of Malta was colonised by the Phoenicians and their sighthounds. These dogs were valued for their ability to hunt rabbits and became known as the 'rabbit dog', which is the Pharaoh Hound that we know today.
The Pharaoh Hound is a reasonably independent dog that is loyal to its family. They have an inbuilt desire to hunt and have the staying power to keep going with or without you. Cats and other small animals are seen as prey to the Pharaoh Hound that hasn't been socialised with them from an early age. They can be fairly vocal, and, being a very sociable breed really enjoys the company of other dogs and humans.
The most common problem suffered by the Pharaoh Hound is slipping kneecaps (luxating patellas).
These dogs require lots of exercise – two-plus hours daily. Once on the scent of game they will run and run. As they can jump reasonably high, you will need to have an adequately fenced garden to keep this dog in. They might need a coat to protect them in cold weather.
Your dog's diet needs to have the right balance of all the main nutrient groups including a constant supply of fresh water. It's important to conduct regular body condition scores to ensure you keep your dog in ideal shape and remember to feed him at least twice daily and in accordance with the feeding guidelines of his particular food.
The Pharaoh Hound is easy to groom. They can be groomed using a rubber grooming mitt, which will remove the loose and dead hairs.